Average Human Heights: Everything you need to know about Human Heights!
Among the many factors taken into account to measure checking on an individual’s health are the weight and the height. With these measurements in mind, one can calculate the Body Mass Index (BMI).
To be considered fit and healthy, a person’s BMI must fall between 18.5 and 24.9. A person with their BMIs lower and higher than this range are at higher risk of contracting diseases. While weight can be gained or lost over a person’s lifetime, the height of an individual stops changing after a certain age.
Children grow in height at a steady rate until they hit a growth spurt during their pre-teen or teenage years. Girls have their growth spurts at a comparatively younger age than boys. This is generally between the age of 12 and 15, when they hit puberty.
Boys tend to shoot in height approximately two years later than girls. Most children stop growing taller between the ages of 16 and 18.
According to a study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published in August 2016, the average height of men above the age of 20 in the United States is 5 feet 7 inches (175.7 cm). Across the world, however, this average varies with the height in India at 5 feet 5 inches (165 cm) and in Germany at 5 feet 10 inches (178 cm). The research also notes that Iranian men have had the biggest change in their heights over the past century, growing about 7 inches or 17 cm.
The variations in the height are due to numerous factors like genetic predisposition, biological factors and socio-economic factors like access to quality food and nutrients. There are also no international standards for reporting and measuring the heights of individuals.
Currently, the tallest man alive has a height at 8 feet 3 inches while the shortest man is 2 feet 2.5 inches tall. The tallest man in recorded history was Robert Pershing Wadlow from Illinois who was 8 feet 11 inches, while the shortest man was Chandra Bhadur Dangi from Nepal who was merely 21.5 inches tall.
The United States current national average for women’s heights is at 5 feet 4 inches, according to the CDC study for women above 20 years of age. Worldwide, the average height of men is higher than the average height of women and there is no true global average.
There are numerous factors, including those of genetics and biology, that result in the varying of average heights among different populations. From the 1960s till date, the average height for women has increased by an inch.
According to Guinness World Records, the world’s tallest woman was Yao Defen from China. She measured a whopping 7 feet 7 inches (233.3 cm) in height when she was last documented. Yao lived with her mother in a small village in China’s central Anhui Province and passed away in 2012 at the age of 40.
The shortest woman in the world, according to Guinness World Records, is Jyoti Kisange Amge from India. She was born on December 16, 1993, in the town of Nagpur in central India. Her short height has been caused due to a growth abnormality known as primordial dwarfism. When she turned 18 in 2011, Guinness noted that the little woman was only 2 feet and 0.7 inches (62.8 cm). It was found that she was slightly shorter than the previous record holder— Bridgette Jordan from the United States— who was 2 feet three inches (69 cm) in height.