What is the Law on Bribery in Alabama and What are the Punishments for it?
There are a number of crimes that haunt societies. Among them, the crime of bribery stands out because it will destroy the ethical fabric of societies itself and also the countries that allow the crime to take deep roots. In fact, the point at which people have started making compromises over this crime has passed long ago. No one knows if a reversal can happen in the near future or not.
But people can adopt such an approach using which they can prevent the crime from further impacting the societies in which they live. Let us now look at the bribery laws in Alabama and the punishments courts may award to the perpetrators of this crime.
Bribery laws in the state of Alabama
According to Alabama laws, a person commits bribery crime if he or she offers or confers or accepts that he will confer something or anything that has value upon a public servant. The intention of the person who is committing this is to corruptly influence the vote, judgment, opinion, action, or exercise of a discretionary approach that the public servant may adopt in his or her official capacity.
If a public servant solicits or accepts or agrees that he or she will accept a pecuniary benefit that may corruptly influence his or her vote, judgment, opinion, the exercise of his or discretionary powers, or other actions in his or her capacity as a public servant, he or she is committing a bribery crime.
Commercial bribery in Alabama
A person commits commercial bribery if he or she confers, or gives an acceptance that he or she will offer to confer any benefit upon any agent or employee without the consent of the principal of the agent or the employer of the employee with an intention to influence in an improper manner his or her conduct relating to the affairs of the principal or the employer.
Similarly, a person commits commercial bribery if he or she confers or gives an acceptance to offer or confer any benefit upon a trusted person without the consent of the individual who trusts him or her. The intention of the person who commits this bribery crime should be to influence the trusted person to conduct himself or herself or act contrary to his or her trusted obligation.
According to Alabama laws, commercial bribery comes under a Class A misdemeanor.
The consequences of bribery cases that involve large sums or violations of similar types are very severe. But the laws of the states of the USA vary while dealing with ethical issues like taking or giving bribes.
Punishments for bribery crimes in Alabama
For Class B felonies for which a penalty has not been specified, the penalty is imprisonment for a period not exceeding 20 years but not less than 2 years. There will also be a fine of an amount not exceeding $30,000, along with amounts that are not more than double the gains to the defendant or the losses incurred by the victim.
Penalty for Class C felonies is imprisonment for a period not exceeding 10 years and not less than 1 year and 1 day. There will be a fine of an amount not exceeding $15,000 also, along with amounts that are not more than double the gains to the defendant or double the losses to the victim.
What are Class A misdemeanors according to Alabama bribery laws and what are the punishments for them?
The following are Class A misdemeanors in Alabama
1. Knowingly lodging a false complaint or making a false report is Class A misdemeanor. The defendant will be liable to pay the legal expenses a respondent against whom he or she has made the false complaint or made a false report, incurs.
2. If a person makes false statements to a commission that is inquiring into the case or an employee working for the commission, without checking or having a reason to believe the accuracy of such statements, that also comes under Class A misdemeanor.
3. Intentionally or purposely failing to disclose the information required by the law is also Class A misdemeanor.
4. Failing to disclose a conflict of interest is Class A misdemeanor also.
Penalties for class A misdemeanors are imprisonment for a term of less than 1 year and a fine of an amount not exceeding $6,000, along with amounts that are not more than double the gains to the defendant or double the losses to the victim.
What are Class B misdemeanors according to Alabama bribery laws and what are the punishments?
Misuse of information that is confidential comes under Class B misdemeanor. Penalty for this is imprisonment not exceeding 6 months, along with amounts that are not more than double the gains to the defendant or losses to the victims. There will be a fine of an amount not exceeding $3,000 also.