The Law on Conspiracy and its Punishments in Kentucky
It is considered a conspiracy whenever two or more people come together and consciously make a plan to commit a crime, and have full intention of going through with the plan. In order to establish that a case is indeed related to conspiracy, the prosecuting attorney must prove intent to commit a crime. The question of intent plays a vital role in all conspiracy related cases. If someone were to participate in a crime that was a part of a conspiracy, then if it was by coercion or accident, they cannot be held accountable under conspiracy law. Only those that intended to carry out an act of crime or did commit premeditated crime are guilty of conspiracy for the same.
If three people conspired to commit the murder, then irrespective of who actually or was supposed to commit the killing act, all three co-conspirators are given the same punishments. Charges in conspiracy cases can go up as additional charges are brought up during the trial. In that way, the ultimate penalty received for the crime is dependent on the nature of the conspiracy and whether the people involved in the same successfully committed the crime or not. Even an attempt towards committing the crime where they were stopped and detained is addressed in court and penalties are incurred for trying to commit the crime.
Certain kinds of conspiracies receive harsher penalties than others. These include conspiracy to commit a crime against the State or Federal government, conspiracy to commit murder abs conspiracy to distribute drugs and/or other illegal substances. These incur longer prison sentences and financial reparations from the conspirators. In these cases, partaking in the conspiracy can bring the harshest sentences available. The conspiracy to commit a murder, especially where the victim was killed before the conspirators could be caught, could lead to decades in jail.
What are the punishments for conspiracy in the State of Kentucky?
Punishments in cases related to the conspiracy are usually the same as the crime by the conspirators were intending to commit. The penalties can become more or less depending on the actions undertaken by the conspirators after they formed an agreement to commit the crime and up until they were apprehended and brought to trial.
Taking part in a conspiracy can lead to punishments for felony charges. Conspiracy to commit murder or related to drug distribution are delivered harsh penalties which could lead to long jail time and expensive fines. Especially in cases where the crime was actually committed, the perpetrators in such conspiracy related cases may suffer from severe penalties.
There is a difference in delivering penalties to those who committed the crime versus those who did not. Those who did will not face harsher sentences and may even be released after serving penalties for a misdemeanor, depending on what crime they intended to commit. Murder will never be considered a misdemeanor. If the conspirators were caught in the process of or after computing the crime, then they will have to face the penalties for every crime committed by every member of the group during the crime.
If one member kills a person during the crime, then every conspirator will be given the penalty for that murder, even if they did not commit it. This also applies to every other criminal activity engaged in during the conspiracy and only relating to that specific conspiracy. If additional crimes were committed, then new charges will be brought in for those. In such circumstances, the conspirators are not charged with penalties for crimes committed outside the purview of the conspiracy.