Michigan Free Background Check
According to the Michigan Freedom of Information Act, the state and local law enforcement agencies have to retain and store records, making them available to the public. certain records housed in the state are confidential, and cannot be accessed by the general public easily.
The Freedom of Information Act makes many records available, including purchase records, minutes of meetings, and communication records. The State Police of Michigan maintains an online database, where you can search for the information of any individual with just their name. If you are an employer in the state of Michigan, you are not allowed to ask about misdemeanor arrests. However, you can ask prospective hires about convictions that brought them a misdemeanor arrest or felony conviction.
Conducting an official background check
You can access criminal records in the state of Michigan through their public-resource site called ICHAT. The portal allows you to access records using just the name of the individual. The results will not be mailed to you, but are immediately available for online viewing and downloading once your payment is processed. To begin accessing the site, you have to log in first to https://apps.michigan.gov/#. There are three kinds of payment options available:
- Pay-as-you-go (one-time payment option)
- Billed users (subscriptions)
- Government and charitable users
ICHAT records are created through fingerprinting records, reports of incarceration, and notices of the clerk of the court. Law enforcement agencies have to report any offense that results in incarceration of 93 days or more.
The Corporations Division Database of the State of Michigan allows you to search for the records of any commercial entity through the Business Entity Search. You can search for the records of a business in four ways:
- The name of the commercial entity
- The identification number of the business
- The filing number
- The name of an individual associated with the company
The state courts of Michigan are responsible for making court documents public. You are allowed free access to all closed and current cases in all courts. The kind of records you can find includes civil cases, criminal cases, and family court cases. However, the records themselves cannot be accessed online. You have to visit the court where the case took place.
The Vital Records Office of The State of Michigan holds a record of the births, deaths, and marriages. You can find records dating back to 1867. You can order records online by accessing https://www.michigan.gov/mdhhs/0,5885,7-339-71551_4645_6245---,00.html.
Additionally, you can also order a record in-person at the following address:
333 South Grand Avenue, 1st Floor, Lansing 48933, Michigan
Most employers in the state of Michigan are only allowed to search for the records of prospective hires through name searches. Certain companies, primarily government-affiliated, have to ensure that their prospective hires undergo a fingerprint-based background check.
Credit history: Employers are allowed to access records on an individual's credit history, especially in jobs that include finances. The prospective hires will give written consent to the company. The employer will ensure that the check is only used for business purposes.
Arrests: Employers in Michigan are not allowed to ask prospective employees about their misdemeanor arrests. However, they are allowed to ask questions relating to their misdemeanor and felony convictions.
The district of Detroit is the only "ban the box" area of Michigan. This means employers are not allowed to ask prospective hires about their arrest history until the first interview. This rule only applies to the district of Detroit, not the entirety of Michigan.
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