The Law on Conspiracy and its Punishments in Oklahoma
Conspiracy is considered a criminal offense chargeable both by fines and time in jail in Oklahoma. When two or more people come together with the intention to perform an act of crime such as robbery, drug distribution, murder, kidnapping, etc. - then it is considered conspiracy. In order to go ahead with a conspiracy charge, a prosecuting attorney will first have to prove that there was intent to commit the crime. Once that has been established, all the co-conspirators can be charged with conspiracy by the State of Oklahoma.
Criminal responsibility is important in conspiracy cases, as it is a term highlighted to show the importance of all participants in a potential or otherwise criminal act and therefore is used to dissuade people from coming together to commit crimes.
What constitutes a conspiracy in the State of Oklahoma?
Any time two or more people form an agreement to engage in an act kind of criminal activity, they can be charged for conspiracy. The criminal activity can be of any kind, but Oklahoma what special regulations in place when it comes to a conspiracy of certain types. Conspiracy to sell or distribute drugs, for example, is treated differently compared to other conspiracy cases. Similarly, a conspiracy against the State Government or Federal Government, though rare, are dealt with harshly and can bring severely harsh punishments to discourage such behavior.
Every person who was a part of the agreement, either contractual or vocal, there need not be any formal agreement, shall all be charged with conspiracy under the umbrella of the same crime. So if three people were charged with conspiracy to commit murder, but one of them was waiting outside as a lookout and did not enter the house, he would also be given the same punishment as his accomplices.
As intent as the operating keyword behind most conspiracy cases, it is extremely important to establish that there was action behind that intention before the case can be taken to trial. This action can be anything related to pursuing the crime by the conspirators agreed to commit. This could even include visiting the neighborhood of the location they chose to commit the crime into gauge the area.
However, if a person inadvertently or through coercion, that is against their consent or knowledge, participate in a crime, they are not held guilty under a conspiracy. This is because it was not their intent to commit the crime.
What are the punishments for conspiracy in the State of Oklahoma?
Most people who face a conspiracy charge will have to deal with two sets of punishments. The first is these come from the conspiracy charge itself. Conspiracy in Oklahoma can be charged with up to ten years spent in a State Penitentiary or up to $5000 in fines. On some occasions, conspirators may have to deliver both.
In addition to this, if they successfully went ahead with the crime they intended to commit, irrespective of whether the crime itself was fully committed or not, they have to face additional criminal charges. So if conspirators intended to commit a murder, then just by arriving at the destination to commit the crime, they already face additional charges. If the victim does during this crime, then all the conspirators, whether they were directly responsible for the death of the victim or not, will be given the same punishment for killing the victim.
There are a few situations where a conspiracy charge can be dropped. If the conspirators can prove that they had irrevocably decided to drop their desire to commit the crime, or if one or more conspirators obstructed the crime, then their charges can be dropped.