The Law on Conspiracy and its Punishments in Utah
A severe criminal offense in Utah, conspiracy is a special agreement between 2 or more people to commit a crime. If a person faces charges of criminal conspiracy-a felony or a misdemeanor, he/she stands at a risk of punishments like hefty fines, imprisonment, and other debilitating and harsh penalties. An offender in Utah can be slapped with this crime, although they assisted one of the actors in the conspiracy unknowingly for committing the crime.
Also, an individual can be found guilty of this crime even if they did not commit a crime, which had been discussed/the illegal act, was mainly undertaken by another individual. As the conviction can lead to imprisonment and heavy fines, it is essential to contact a good criminal conspiracy defense lawyer so that the charges can be dismissed or reduced.
Criminal conspiracy in Utah
Section 76-4-201 defines conspiracy and states that an individual is considered to be guilty of an act of conspiracy when he/she intends that a criminal offense is performed, agrees with 1 or more individuals to cause the or engage in the performance of a criminal conduct and when one of them commits an obvious act for pursuing the conspiracy.
The exception is where the criminal offense falls in the category of a capital felony, robbery, burglary, or arson, a felony against an individual. In such cases, there is no overt act required for committing a conspiracy. Let us now see what the meaning of the definition is in plain terms. It is imperative for the prosecutors to establish each of these elements or facts of the offense mentioned below.
- There was a plot between the defendant and 1 or more persons to commit the crime.
- It was planned by the defendant to commit a felony or a misdemeanor.
- Any member of the team of conspirators took an obvious, clear action for carrying out a conspiracy in the state.
- If specific and very severe criminal offenses are involved like robbery or arson, the government does not have to establish that any conspirator took a step to further the criminal conspiracy.
- It is also applicable to any offense, which falls under the category of a capital felony signifying aggravated murder that is the only capital crime in the state of Utah at present.
Kinds of criminal offenses in the state
- Capital felonies
- 1st-degree felonies
- 2nd-degree felonies
- 3rd-degree felonies
- Class A misdemeanors
- Class B misdemeanors
- Class C misdemeanors
Punishments for conspiracy in Utah
Check out the most severe criminal punishments for convicted on charges of conspiracy in the state, including misdemeanor and felony offenses, which are listed category-wise:
- Class C misdemeanor offenses are punished by a maximum jail sentence of 90 days and a maximum fine of 750 USD.
- Class B misdemeanor offenses are penalized by a maximum jail term of 6 months and a maximum fine amount of 1,000 USD.
- Class A misdemeanor offenses are punished by a maximum jail sentence of 12 months and a maximum fine amount of 2,500 USD.
- 1st-degree felony offenses are penalized by a maximum fine of 10,000 USD and a maximum sentence of life imprisonment.
- 2nd-degree felony offenses are penalized by a maximum jail term of 15 years and a maximum fine of 10,000 USD.
- 2nd-degree felony offenses are punished by a maximum jail term of 15 years and a maximum fine of 10,000 USD.
- 3rd-degree felony offenses are penalized by a maximum imprisonment term of 5 years and a maximum fine of 5,000 USD.