Best Criminal Records Search Tool Online!

Criminal Records Search!

Search for Criminal Records, Arrest Records and Court Documents!

Search for anyone in the United States! 100% Confidential! Updated on September 20, 2019
Sensitive Information!
Access Arrest Records & Criminal Records. Please Check Website Terms of Use!
Customer Service is Available 24/7. Call Us at 1.877.890.2213

What is the Law on Arson in Alabama and What are the Punishments for it?

The world is growing stranger every day and the so is the crime scene across it. Unfortunately, humans have grown new forms of aggression.  The crime of arson involves willingly setting fire to someone’s property with the intent of destroying it.

FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting Program reported more than 49,000 cases of arson in 2010. During 2010-2014, reported arsons of around 29,000 leading to 440 civilian deaths, 1310 civilian injuries and property damage of more than $1 billion. 

Under the law of Alabama, there are three degrees of arson, depending on the purpose of burning the building, whether it was intentional or reckless, and if there were any persons in the building at the time of the fire. Depending on these factors, the punishment can be in the wide range of 2-100 years of imprisonment.

Alabama Arson Law

First-degree Arson (Code of Alabama Section 13A-7-41 )

The code labels a crime as a first-degree arson when

  • The alleged person ‘intentionally’ damages a building with a fire or an explosion
  • The alleged person actively wants to cause this damage
  • There were people present in the building at the time of the fire or explosion
  • The alleged person knew that there are people present in the building while causing the fire OR made sure that there was a reasonable possibility of people being present in the building at the time of fire or explosion.

First-degree Arson is a class A felony. Since there is a reasonable chance of loss of lives in first-degree arson, the minimum punishment is imprisonment for 10 years, which can extend to 99 years depending on the specifics of the case.

Arson Law

Second-degree Arson (Code of Alabama Section 13A-7-42)

The code labels a crime as a second-degree arson when

  • The alleged person ‘intentionally’ damages a building with a fire or an explosion
  • The alleged person actively wants to cause this damage
  • There were no people present in the building at the time of fire or explosion, or the alleged person did not know about the presence of people in the building
  • The fire or explosion is caused in a detention facility or a penal facility

The code ‘does not’ label a crime as a second-degree arson when

  • The individual causing the fire is the sole possessor of the property or the only one who holds interest or dependency off the property
  • If more than one person is in possession of the property or holds interest or dependency off the property. Then all the individuals consented for the fire caused
  • The purpose of the fire is to damage the building for a lawful or meaningful purpose.

Second-degree arson is a class B felony, with the possible imprisonment of 2-20 years.

Arson Law Alabama

Third-degree Arson (Code of Alabama Section 13A-7-43)

The code labels a crime as a third-degree arson when

  • The alleged person ‘recklessly’ damages a building with a fire or an explosion
  • The act is completely reckless and unplanned with no or unplanned knowledge of the people present in the building

The code ‘does not’ label a crime as third-degree arson when no one except the alleged person is in the possession or has any meaningful interest in the building.

Third-Degree arson is considered to be a Class A misdemeanor (minor wrongdoing or less serious than a felony), hence the punishment for this cannot be more than a year in the county jail.

The specifics of any case are more complicated, and so is the evidence for showing the nature or purpose of fire, which does make arson a sensitive case area. 

Search for anyone in the United States! 100% Confidential! Updated on September 20, 2019
Sensitive Information!