Indiana Crime Rate: Most Committed Crimes and Crime Rate Information for the State of Indiana
Crime has been recorded across the United States since the periods of the British colonization. In the United States, the offense is meant to consist of acts such as homicide, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault which are termed violent crimes; and burglary, larceny, arson, theft, and motor vehicle theft; which are the constituents of property crime.
Over a more extended period, incidents of violent crime have been declining throughout the nation, with the rates of homicide dropping from 30 per 100,000 people in the 1700s to below 10 per 100,000 people in the 1900s. After World War II, crime rates increased substantially across the United States, with violent crimes have quadrupled between 1960 and its peak in 1991. During the same period, property crimes also doubled. However, since the mid-1990s, the offense has shown a sharp decline, which is influenced by various factors including:
- Increase in the number of law enforcement officers
- Legislation such as the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act
- Increased incarceration since the early 1980s
- Growth in the number of prisons per state since the 1990s
- The decrease in the availability and sale of drugs such as crack cocaine
- Change in demographics, with an increase in median incomes and more people escaping poverty
- Increase in security technology which reduced property crimes such as burglary and motor vehicle theft.
The statistics on crime are published by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and by the Bureau of Justice Statistics. According to the FBI, over 1.2 million violent crimes were reported across the country in 2017, a recorded drop of 0.2 percent compared to 2016. On the other hand, over 7.6 million property crimes were published in 2017; with a decline of 3.0 percent compared to the previous year. In an international context, crime rates across the United States are much higher compared to other countries with similar income levels, especially those in Europe, and Canada.
Over seventeen years, crime statistics indicate a downward trend for the occurrences of both property and violent crimes across the state of Indiana. According to the latest statistics from 2017; there were a total of 198,600 reports of sin; with a majority of them being larceny, burglary and motor vehicle theft. Overall, there were 28.16 crimes per 1000 residents in the state in 2017.
- Violent Crimes: Across the state, there were 439 cases of murder and manslaughter; 2501 incidents of rape; 7330 reports of robbery; and 16575 cases of aggravated assault; totaling 26,845 incidents of violent crime. For a resident of Indiana, the chances of becoming a victim in a violent crime are 1 in 251.
- Property Crimes: In the state of Indiana, there were over 171,000 incidents of property crime reported to law enforcement officials, with 122,931 counts of larceny and theft; 14,731 cases of motor vehicle theft; 34,097 reports of a burglary. As a resident of Indiana, the chances of becoming a victim in property crime is 1 in 41.
Safest Cities and Towns in Indiana
According to the crime statistics released by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, these are the safest towns with the least crime rates across Indiana:
- Salamonia, Jay County
- Lowell, Lake County
- Fountain City, Wayne County
- Williamsburg, Wayne County
- Centerville, Wayne County
- Markle, Huntington and Wells Counties
- Cambridge City, Wayne County
- Monroe, Adams County
- Warren, Huntington County
- Andrews, Huntington County