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Montana Police Requirements

by Peggy B.

Montana Police Requirements, How to Be Montana Police Officer

What are the Requirements for Becoming a Police Officer in Montana?

Montana enjoys a healthy job market with its population growth of 14% over the last few years. Prospective Montana cops may likely enjoy job security because of its low unemployment rate and higher population growth rate. The body responsible for setting up the guidelines for the recruitment and training of Montana Police Officers is the Montana Public Safety Officer Standards and Training (POST) Council. These guidelines form the minimum standards, while jurisdictions may require more demanding standards.

Requirements for Becoming a Police Officer in Montana

The Montana Public Safety Officer Standards and Training (POST) Council sets the minimum standards for the recruitment of police officers, while the local police departments may set additional standards over and above the POST standards. For instance, some police departments may require that the prospective candidates have college credit in law enforcement or criminal justice. According to the Montana minimum standards for police officers, the following requirements are mandatory:

  • Must be a citizen of the U.S.A that includes citizenship by birth or naturalization
  • Must have completed 18 years of age
  • Must have a high school diploma or GED
  • Must be free from any felony convictions
Police Officer in Montana

In addition, it is mandatory that the candidate must have a good moral character in order to become a Montana police officer. The good moral character is established through a background check. In other words, the candidates must submit a driving history report, a personal history investigation, and a criminal history check.

Montana Police Academy Required Examinations

During the application process, the candidates have to pass a number of examinations physical, medical, and academic examinations. These include:

  • Assessment of overall physical health by a licensed medical officer
  • A test for physical abilities as instructed and administered under the Montana Law Enforcement Testing Consortium (MTLETC).
  • A written examination administered by the Montana Law Enforcement Testing Consortium (MTLETC). The test includes reading comprehension, arithmetic, grammar, and writing.

Once the candidates pass the initial tests and meet the requirements they are called upon to an accredited police training center to complete the Montana POST training program.

How to Be Montana Police Officer

Montana Highway Patrol (MHP)

There are over 240 troopers employed whose responsibility is to patrol the state’s highways and assist other agencies.

The minimum state standards must be met in order to become a public safety officer. They must have:

  • At least 3 years of driving experience
  • Montana residency status
  • The ability to meet the vision requirements of the department.
  • Have two personality profiles and complete a panel interview.

Once selected for recruitment, successful candidates are required to undergo 12 weeks of basic training. Next, they have an additional advanced training of nine weeks conducted by Montana Highway Patrol Recruit Academy. Then eventually, there is a further field training of nine weeks before they graduate from the police academy.

Montana Police Department

Requirements for Montana Sheriff Deputy

There are 56 counties in Montana. Each County Sheriff may appoint deputies to assist in law enforcement responsibilities. Deputy Sheriffs are required to complete either a Montana POST-accredited training program or an equivalent program in another state. They are also required to meet state POST requirements. In addition,

  • They should be free from affiliations with any subversive organization over the last 5 years.
  • They should be physically fit as verified by a licensed physician.

Gallatin County

The candidates seeking law enforcement jobs under Gallatin County Sheriff’s Office must meet minimum state standards. In addition, they must pass a written exam and a physical fitness test.

Lewis and Clark County

The Lewis & Clark County Sheriff as a member of the Montana Law Enforcement Consortium can recruit new deputies. The prospective candidates must be registered with the MTLETC candidate database and complete an employment application of the Lewis & Clark County.


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