What are the Indiana Labor Laws?
If you are working in the state of Indiana, it is essential for you to know the federal and state laws that prevail your working principles. In Indiana, as an employee, you are protected throughout your employment process under both federal and state law.
An employer in Indiana, in addition to following federal and state law, has to follow municipal laws about the employer-employee relationship. This article will provide you with all the information you would require to know regarding employment laws in Indiana.
Discrimination and harassment laws in Indiana
Under federal law, employers are prohibited to discriminate on the grounds of race, religion, color, age, sex, national origin, and genetic information. Employers in Indiana who have at least 15 employees are subject to these laws, and for the law prohibiting age discrimination, employers with at least 20 employees must adhere to the law.
In addition to the above laws, laws in Indiana also prohibit discrimination regarding job listings, hiring decision, interviews, layoffs, promotion, compensation, and termination. In Indiana, as an employee, if you happen to complain about harassment in your workplace, you will be protected from further retaliation from the other side.
Equal pay in Indiana
In jobs of comparable work, laws in Indiana prevent employers to pay females lesser than males relating to skill and responsibility with an exception only based on the merit system and seniority system. Also, discrimination must not be based on race, color, religion, sexual orientation and national origin.
Wage and labor in Indiana
Regarding minimum wage, the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) sets the minimum wage and working hours that employers must adhere to. Employers are guided by law to pay the highest minimum wage to employees which is $7.25 an hour in Indiana. In Indiana, if as an employee, you happen to work more than 40 hours, your employer has to pay you overtime which is one-and-a-half times of your usual rate an hour.
Child labor in Indiana
Minors who are aged under 18 are prohibited from working in hazardous jobs like working in underground mines or places that sell liquor. In Indiana, the new law allows children aged 14-15 to work until ten at night on the days which are not followed by a school or working day.
Leave laws in Indiana
In Indiana, benefits such as paid leave, sick leave, holidays and paid time off (PTO) are discretionary. However, unpaid leaves are granted to employees in Indiana under the following conditions:
Military leave- under the federal Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA) and Indiana military leave law, employers must allow their employees to take leave from work in case of federal or state military duty.
Military family leaves- Also, under FMLA, eligible employees can get leave if anything arises due to a family member’s military work. Indiana has its law which grants up to 10 days off per year in case a family member is summoned for active duty.
Family and medical leave- The FMLA act states that employers who have a workforce of a minimum of 50 members at least should grant their eligible employees up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave per year for sickness or caregiving issues.
Jury duty- employees in Indiana are guided by law to take leave for jury duty.
Compensation and safety laws
In the case of on-the-job injury, an employee in Indiana is eligible for worker’s compensation.
The Occupational Safety and Health Act, which is a federal law, require employers in Indiana to provide a safe workplace and a non-hazardous working environment.
If employees feel that their employees have committed safety violations, then they have the right to request an Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) inspection.
Leaving a job in Indiana
Employees in Indiana can leave their job at their own will. However, employees cannot be handed the pink slip for discriminatory reasons.