What are Nevada Labor Laws?
Laws are defined for establishing standards, protecting the rights, maintaining order, and resolving disputes. Labor law facilitates the relationship between the workers, employers, trade union and the government. Labor laws have multiple functions. These functions include
- equal opportunity
- pay equity
- physical and mental wellbeing of employees
- workplace diversity
- concerted activity
- workplace safety
Nevada labor law
Labor law regulates the rights of people at work. These laws are easy to violate, but consequences might prove to be costly. These are often a concern for any business. But these laws help keep employees safe, healthy and happy. Satisfied employees are more productive. Nevada labor law is governed by the Office of the Commissioner and consists of the following
The age limit to employ someone into the workforce in Nevada is 18. A worker under the age of 18 is considered to be a minor. The provision for state child labor is based on the age, type of work, working hours and number of hours worked. The employee is responsible for ensuring that employees are old enough to work legally. Nevada is governed by both state and federal child labor laws.
Children under age 14 are prohibited from working with the following exceptions
- employed by parents in non-hazardous occupations
- delivering newspapers
- certain agricultural work
- working as actors/actresses, performers or models
Children aged 14 and 15 have limitations in working hours and occupation. Children aged 16 and 17 cannot be employed in industries which are deemed hazardous.
The minimum wage rate in Nevada changes year to year depending on the cost of living in the state. It also differs based on whether the employer offers health benefits. The minimum wage is slightly higher if the employer does not qualify to provide health benefits. A qualifying health insurance plan must
- be made available to the employee, and any dependents
- cover all categories of health care expenses
An employee has the right to decline the health benefit plan and qualify for minimum wage. In such cases, the employer has to maintain the document that the employee has declined the health benefits.
The overtime rate of one and half times the regular wage has to be paid to the employees who work more than 40 hours a week work limitation.
A Nevada employer must provide reasonable break time and a clean, private place, to express breast milk. This break time may or may not be unpaid unless specified in the contract agreement.
According to the Nevada state laws, the employer is not required to provide paid or unpaid vacation benefits to the employees. The employer may legally enter into a contract or establish a policy to deny payment for accrued vacation.
The state law does not require the employer to provide paid or unpaid sick leave, holiday leave, or bereavement leave. Employers may choose to provide these leaves. In such cases, it must be mentioned in a legal contract agreement.
If an employee is summoned to jury duty, the employer will not discharge or threaten to discharge the employee. The employer is not required to pay the employee any wage for the time spent in jury duty.
According to Nevada law, the employee must be granted paid voting leave depending on the voting place. The employer has the right to set the time for leave to minimize the impact on the day to day operations of the business.
It is unlawful for an employer to discriminate against the employees based on their religion, race, color, sex, disability, gender identity or nationality. Nevada law prohibits the employer from discriminating against employees. The law also prohibits discrimination outside the employer's premises against employees for the use of lawful products such as tobacco and alcohol.
In Nevada, the Labor Commissioner strives to ensure that all workers are treated fairly under the law. The inequality of bargaining power between the employer and the employee is reduced with strong labor laws supporting the injustice caused by unjustifiable employment regulations.