Federal Correctional Complex Profile and Valuable Information
To say that the time must fit the crime is an understatement if you consider the Federal Correction Complex (FCC) near Florence, Colorado. Located about one hundred miles south of Colorado's capital, Denver, this is a federal prison complex for some of the most dangerous prisoners and is operated by the United States Federal Bureau of Prisons, falling under the purview of the U.S. Department of Justice. Situated in Fremont County, the complex has prisons, with security classes of a supermax, high, medium and minimum-security. The total population of the complex is more than 1,500 people, including those incarcerated and staff. The complex became operational in 1994.
History of the Federal Correctional Complex
In the 1970s, when the United States of America witnessed a substantial rise in crime, the previous method of lenient rehabilitative punishment, prevalent from the 1950s, declined. Instead, processes and procedures of punishment began to take a more punitive stance with longer sentences in stringent prisons. During the 1990s, most states in the U.S. built maximum security facilities ("supermax") to imprison the most lethal, disruptive, violent and cruel offenders. The aim wasn't to reform the criminal but to control and contain his/her criminality. The construction of the Federal Correctional Complex was aimed at just that.
The Federal Correctional Complex is composed of the following separate four facilities, depending on their respective levels of security:
- The Federal Prison Camp (FPC Florence) is a minimum-security facility also sometimes called Florence Satellite Prison Camp. Prisoners housed here are classified at the most minimum level of risk/harm. Inmates live in dormitory facilities without walls surrounding them. These are prisoners who have committed felonies that excluded the use of any weapons. Several of the inmates here, around 60% or so, are drug offenders.
- The Federal Correction Institution (FCI Florence) is a medium-security prison. It is located on the outskirts of Florence but is part of the Federal Correctional Complex. It houses close to 1,000 inmates. In 2008, an inmate, Pablo Garcia was found dead in his cell. He had been killed by fellow inmates, Jose Pluma, Justin Hernandez, and Mark Rosalez.
- The United States Penitentiary (USP Florence High), part of the Federal Correctional Complex, was built in 1993 due to the growing requirement of a place to imprison high-security federal offenders. Designed by DLR Group, an architectural company that specializes in building prisons, it was built after a citizen poll voted (by an affirmative 96%) in favor of the project. The idea was not just to house criminals, but to provide some 1,000 temporary, and 900 permanent, jobs to people in the surrounding communities. As of December 2019, the prison has approximately 800 prisoners.
- The United States Penitentiary Administrative Maximum Facility (ADX Florence) is a "supermax" facility and one of the toughest prisons in America today. This is one (if not the highest) of the highest security facilities in the country. It was designed to be escape-proof, much like Alcatraz was. In fact, this prison is called the "Alcatraz of the Rockies." It opened in 1994, designed to control prisoners most likely to behave violently toward staff, other inmates or themselves. According to data, as of December 2019, there are around 376 prisoners who spend 23 hours a day in single cells. Facilities are made of poured concrete to prevent self-inflicted pain/harm. This facility is closely monitored with 24-hour supervision due to a high staff-inmate ratio. Phones are banned and very limited broadcast entertainment is allowed. The present warden is Andre Matevousian. The "worst of the worst" are housed here, from Zacarias Moussaoui and Ramzi Yousef, the 9/11 masterminds, to Terry Nichols, the Oklahoma City bomber.
Important information and rules
The physical address of the Federal Correctional Complex is 5880 HWY 67 South Florence, CO 81226. You can find driving directions at https://goo.gl/maps/qr1UULcctxT2
General phone numbers and inmate mailing addresses of the Federal Correctional Complex are as follows (according to the individual facility):
- FCI Florence (and Prison Camp): Phone - 719-784-9100
Mailing address: Federal Correctional Institution, Satellite Camp, PO Box 5000, Florence, CO 81226
- USP Florence-High: Phone - 719-784-9454
Mailing address: USP Florence-High, U.S. Penitentiary, PO Box 7000, Florence, CO 81226
- USP Florence ADX: Phone - 719-784-9464
Mailing address: USP Florence ADX, U.S. Penitentiary, PO Box 8500, Florence, CO 81226
All mail to inmates must be mailed to the above respective PO Box addresses and must contain the inmate's complete name and registration number.
Visiting Hours at FCI Florence, the Prison Camp (satellite camp), and USP Florence-High facilities of the Federal Correctional Complex, Florence, Colorado are on Saturdays and Sundays and Federal Holidays, from 8:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. An inmate must approve visitors on a list before they can visit him. Visiting hours at USP Florence ADX are on Thursdays, Fridays, Saturdays, Sundays and Federal Holidays from 8:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. If you wish to do an inmate search of an inmate located in the Federal Correctional Complex, you can search on https://golookup.com/inmate-search.