What is the Law on Manslaughter in Arizona and What are the Punishments for it?
When the number of crimes increases in a country, there will be a complete breakdown of law and order which means there will be anarchy and the society itself will become unlivable. Governments are aware of this and that is the reason they deploy highly competent lawmakers for manning their legal departments.
These lawmakers keep a constant watch on the happenings in the communities and bring out new statutes, or make amendments to the existing laws for tackling the various issues that may arise due to the criminal activities of some of the nefarious minded individuals in the society. But it is for the courts to decide whether an activity is a crime or not. Similarly, it is the courts that have to decide whether a crime is a serious one or not.
According to US laws, murders and manslaughters are the most serious crimes. Even the states of the USA consider these crimes as serious ones. There are a few states of the country that have classified manslaughter into voluntary manslaughters and involuntary manslaughters. But the laws of Arizona state differ from these states because the state laws categorize manslaughter crimes as "negligent homicide" and "manslaughter." Let us now delve a little deeper into the manslaughter laws in the state of Arizona.
Manslaughter laws in Arizona
According to Arizona laws, there are several potential scenarios that may give rise to a manslaughter charge. Some of the scenarios are discussed hereunder:
1) If a person intentionally assists another person to commit suicide, it comes under a manslaughter charge. As with many other states, Arizona laws view assisted suicide as illegal. The point is even if licensed professionals or medically trained people assist the suicide of a person, it is unlawful and the person who commits this unlawful activity will face a manslaughter charge.
2) If a person knowingly or intentionally kills another person due to provocation, or in the midst of a quarrel, it is also manslaughter. It is true that the offender may have committed this act due to a sudden emotion or in the heat of passion. The act is not a premeditated as well. Nonetheless, it is manslaughter according to Arizona laws.
3) If a person intentionally kills another person because the other person has threatened him or her or if the other person uses immediate deadly force that is unlawful, even then, he or she will face a manslaughter charge.
4) If a person carelessly or recklessly causes the death of another person, the authorities will book the offender on manslaughter charges.
5) If a person causes the death of a child that is yet to be born by causing injuries to the mother, that also comes under a manslaughter crime. This clause comes with a number of important exceptions. The exceptions protect those who perform authorized abortions and those who provide medical treatment to the mother, child, or the mother of the unborn child
Arizona laws pertaining to Negligent Homicide
Though negligent homicide appears to be similar to manslaughter, the difference lies in the clause that speaks about recklessness. A manslaughter crime happens due to the recklessness that is a deviation from the standard conduct. On the other hand, negligent homicide happens when there is a deviation from the standard care.
Manslaughter crimes in Arizona
Manslaughter comes under Class 2 felony. The courts will look into several aspects that include previous felony crimes of the offender and whether he or she has used a deadly weapon during the incident.
The courts may decide the following sentences based on their study of the case.
- Mitigated sentence: This is for 3 years.
- Minimum sentence: This is for 4 years
- Presumptive sentence: This is for 5 years.
- Maximum sentence: This is for a period of 10 years.
- Aggravated sentence: This is for 12.5 years.
Negligent Homicide in Arizona
This comes under Class 4 felony. Penalty for this crime is imprisonment for a minimum period of 1 year. It may go up to a period not exceeding 8 years. There may be fines, suspension of driving license, restitution, etc. also.