Judicial Records Maryland: How to Get Free Judicial Records in the State of Maryland?
The state of Maryland considers five types of records as judicial records.
- State Administrative Records
The courts or other judicial agencies in the state of Maryland create and maintain various administrative records that state how courts or judicial agencies should operate under the judicial system of the state.
- Business License Records
Business License Records are maintained and issued by the court clerks and include information related to business licenses and applications for the same. They also contain a copy of such business licenses.
- Case Records
Records related to the different cases heard in the courts may be whole or portions of court papers or other court documents, exhibits, orders, notices, docket entries or other court records in either of the formats, whether paper, electronic, or any other formats that are created, entered or filed, and maintained by the court clerks. These records hold information related to the different cases heard in the courts. They may also contain marriage licenses and the applications for the same.
- Notice Records
Court clerks file different notice records and don’t always necessarily pertain to litigations and rather serve as public notices. Such records may include deeds, mortgages and land records and are mostly in connection with lands or properties.
- Special Judicial Unit Records
These types of records cover three special judicial units, namely:
- The State Board of Law Examiners, the Accommodations Review Committee, and the Character Committees.
- The Attorney Grievance Commission and the Bar Council.
- The Commission on Judicial Disabilities, the Judicial Inquiry Board, and the Investigative Counsel.
These records are highly confidential and are governed by special rules under the judicial system of Maryland.
Public Access to Judicial Records in Maryland
Most judicial records in Maryland are accessible to the public, except those that are restricted by the Constitution of the United States of America, the Constitution of the State of Maryland, the Maryland Rules of Procedure, the federal laws, the state laws, and any court orders or other case laws. Apart from this, any person who seeks these records shall be granted access to inspect them without having to state any reason.
Restricted Judicial Records in Maryland
Although many judicial records are accessible to the citizens of the state of Maryland, there are certain other judicial records which are forbidden. Such records may include:
- All case records involving children including adoption or guardianship records, delinquency records, records related to children who need assistance or supervision, and records related to truancy actions against children in juvenile courts.
- All legal documents that haven’t yet been recorded and indexed.
- Records that haven’t yet been filed by the court clerks, including audio recordings, computer disks and files, and notes by a court reporter.
- Case records for criminal proceedings including warrants as well as the applications and supporting affidavits before the execution of such warrants, executed search warrants, arrest warrants, records related to the denial to testify in the courts by the criminals or accused, presentence investigation material, criminal investigations by grand juries, State Attorneys and Prosecutors or Attorney Generals, and other case records that are protected by various codes outlined in the Criminal Procedure Article, Title 10, Subtitle 3.
- Information regarding certain marriage licenses.
- Several case records that contain medical reports or other medical information.
- Certain case records containing financial statements in accordance with Rule 9-202 that govern divorce, annulment, alimony, and child custody and support.
- Certain case records related to the federal or Maryland tax returns of an individual.
- Sealed court records.
- Certain case records related to child abuse or neglect.
- Documents withheld or shielded in accordance with Rule 203-20 (e) (1).
- Files related to certain court proceedings in the formats of transcripts, audio, video or other means of digital recordings that shouldn’t be disclosed to the public according to a prevailing court order, rule or other law.
- Legally censored documents as per Rule 1-322.1.
So, according to various prevailing statutes, certain judicial records are not accessible to the public subject to the different rules of code that are thrust upon them. The shielding or censoring of judicial records is done to protect certain sensitive information from leaking into the wrong hands.
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