Sex Offender Laws in North Dakota
A sex offender is generally referred to as a person who has committed a crime of sexual nature. Sex offender registries exist in the United States of America in both the federal and state levels. Sex offender registries are present in all the states of America, and they generally contain vital information regarding the persons convicted of sexual crimes.
In the United States of America, information about the sex offender registry is made available to the public through an online website or other means. In many jurisdictions, registered sex offenders have many other additional restrictions which include housing restrictions.
Sex offender laws in North Dakota require a complex registration process for most sex crime convictions. Most of these requirements are quite serious and if they are not followed properly, it may culminate in re-incarceration.
In the year 1991, the first sex offender registration statute was passed in North Dakota in the legislative session. Since then, alterations or additions have been made in every legislative session to the original statute.
In North Dakota, the public database wherein anyone can obtain information about registered sexual offenders is www.sexoffender.nd.gov. Updates are made regarding information of sex offenders on this website as soon as there is a change in the official sex offender registry. However, this website does not contain information about offenders against children, and that information is found on the public safety page on the Attorney General’s website.
Categorizations of sex offenders in North Dakota
Under North Dakota law, sex offenders are categorized as low, moderate and high-risk levels which are decided by a committee of 9 members appointed by the Attorney-General where high-risk members are those sex offenders are the ones who have committed more than one sex crimes and are likely to commit again. These risk levels are assigned just a few months before the offender is released from prison.
A sex offender is deemed as a lifetime registrant if he or she has to register with the local law enforcement agency for the rest of his life. The list includes high-risk offenders and offenders who have been convicted of more than one sexual offense. Also, it includes individuals who were convicted of certain sexual offenses against children after August 1999, and also any person who has been designated as a "sexually dangerous individual" by federal law or North Dakota law.
What are the laws of a sex offender to get registered?
Upon the release of an offender, he or she are given registration papers, the copy of which is sent to the Office of Attorney General to notify the local law enforcement agency, which is generally the sheriff’s office. Once the offender arrives at his or her new location of residence, school or work, within three days, the offender must take the registration papers to the local law enforcement agency where he or she would be fingerprinted and photographed.
The offender has to update his or her information to the local law enforcement agency regarding change of residence, employment or school at least before ten days of the change. If the offender happens to move outside the local jurisdiction, he or she must re-register in the local law enforcement agency in the county within three days of arrival.
What happens if you fail to register as a sex offender in North Dakota?
In North Dakota, a paper trail is tracked by the Bureau of Criminal Investigation to make sure that sex offenders register in their local law enforcement agencies. However, when the offender does not register, the local law enforcement agencies are notified, and they carry on a search for the individual. When the offender is arrested, he or she is prosecuted by the State Attorney and is convicted of a class C felony.