Labor laws are primarily concerning the rights and responsibilities of unionized employees. These unions can negotiate for better remuneration, convenient work hours, and an increase in workplace safety. Employers are expected to follow specific rules when they deal with union members. The states are allowed to make their labor law relations, but these laws should comply with the National Labor Relations Act. These labor laws are also referred to as a set of standards for working conditions and wage laws.
Federal and state law regulates the labor laws in Arizona. The state of Arizona is known to have some laws that provide a significant amount of protection to their employees than the federal law. These laws included a higher minimum wage and paid sick leave, but the laws in Arizona generally follow federal law concerning topics such as overtime pay, jury duty leave, and occupational safety and health, Arizona has essentially summarized the federal law.
Minimum wage in Arizona
The minimum wage for employees in Arizona is $11.00 per hour, and the minimum wage for tipped employees is $7.00 per hour. Every successive year, the minimum wage is increased by the first of January as the cost of living increases.
The right to work
The state of Arizona follows the "right-to-work" laws. Article 15 of the Constitution of Arizona states that no one can be denied the opportunity to obtain or retain employment based on a non-membership in a labor organization, or any corporation. The law says that people have the right-to-work, unions cannot ask, and employers cannot agree to enter into union security agreements. It is illegal for an employer to discriminate against someone by race, color, religion, national origin, or sex.
Breaks and rest period
The state of Arizona has labor laws that do not regulate or require employee breaks or lunch periods. However, if breaks are given to the employees, employers must follow the Federal requirement that states that if breaks of 20 minutes or less are provided, they must be paid. If the employees are relieved of all duties, meal breaks of 30 minutes or more may be unpaid.
According to the State of Arizona's Labor Law, Your Wages and Working. If an employer chooses to provide vacation benefits, it must comply with the terms of its established policy or employment contract. An employer also has the right to implement a strategy freely or enter into an agreement that states the amount of vacation leave period that an employee can accumulate over time.
Federal Civil Rights Act of 1964
The title VII of the CRA protects employees against discrimination by their race, color, national origin, sex and religion regarding any term, condition or privilege of employment. It includes not only intentional discrimination but also job policies that immensely affect certain groups of people who are not related to the job and the needs of the business. The civil rights act applies to employers who have over 15 or more employees.
It is not mandatory for employers to pay employees while they comply with a jury summons or are asked for jury duty, but the employees cannot be fired for these reasons. Additionally, employees do not lose seniority while serving on a board.
Under the Arizona labor law, all the employers in the state of Arizona are obligated to reward their employees twice per month at the least, and no more than 16 days apart.
In the state of Arizona, employers are not obligated to provide severance pay, but employees who have been fired are expected to receive their salary that is due, within three working days or by the end of the next pay period, whichever is sooner. The next payday must pay employees who quit all unpaid fees.