The Law on Conspiracy and its Punishments in Alabama
Conspiracy can be regarded as a kind of criminal partnership where more than two individuals plan to commit an illegal act or a crime. As long as that person is aware that the activity being planned is illegal and goes along with it then he or she can be charged with or convicted for conspiracy. Under some legal jurisdictions, silence can be held as an overt act, where it is planned, intentional, and committed to helping the furtherance of the conspiracy.
Law on Conspiracy In Alabama
The laws for conspiracy in the state of Alabama is coded under § 13A-4-3 of Criminal Code, enlisted under Alabama Code Title 13A.
The state of Alabama defines a conspiracy as the following:
- An individual who intentionally goes along to further the plan of a criminal offense; if the individual agrees with one or more people to perform such action; or if the individual performs an overt act to materialize the agreement.
- If the individual who has agreed with another man to fulfill an illegal act also knows or should have the idea that the other man has made the same agreement to fulfill the same plan with another individual. Then the individual will be held for conspiracy with the third individual no matter if they have met or known his identity or not.
- The individual will not be liable for the conspiracy charges if he had voluntarily and entirely abolished the criminal conspiracy. Additionally, he gave adequate and proper warning to the legal authorities or made adequate effort to stop the conspiracy from materializing.
The resignation of one individual from the conspiracy does not leave all the others without blame if they also do not carry forward their own renunciation.
A person is not liable of conspiracy if the criminal plan contemplated has already been performed, then he becomes an accomplice to an unlawful act in the state of Alabama. The details of this are encoded in Section 13A-2-24 of the criminal code in Alabama. The responsibility as an accomplice of the previously conspired and now materialized crime is determined by Section 13-A-2-23 in the state of Alabama.
The criminal conspiracy is any of the following determined by its intent.
- It is a class A felony if the intent of the agreement is murder
- It is a class B felony if the intent of the agreement is a class A felony
- It is a class C felony if the intent of the agreement is a class B felony
- It is a class A misdemeanor if the purpose of the agreement is a class C felony
- It is a class B misdemeanor if the purpose of the agreement is a class A misdemeanor
- It is a class C misdemeanor if the purpose of the agreement is a class B misdemeanor
- It is a class violation if the purpose of the agreement is a class C misdemeanor
The punishment and penalty in the state of Alabama are determined by the degree of felony or misdemeanor that it is considered. If the conviction is for a Class A felony in a conspiracy in Alabama then the prison sentence can be a minimum of fifteen years and a maximum of ninety-nine years. Along with or instead of a fine of a maximum of $60,000. That is for the most severe crimes in Alabama. The violation comes last in the list of crimes in the state of Alabama for which the prison sentence can be up to one month only and the fine amounting to a maximum of $200.