Borderline Personality Disorder Explained
A Borderline Personality Disorder is a form of mental illness or disorder that affects the way people feel or think about themselves and others, which hinders proper day to day functions. The problems include uncontrollable emotions and behavior, self-image insecurities, an evident pattern of unstable relationships. Typically people who have borderline personality disorder cannot tolerate being left on their own, they have a problem living alone. They suffer from extreme abandonment issues and mental instability. The impulsiveness, inappropriate anger, mood swings, and eccentric behavior push people away from the patient. Borderline personality disorder generally starts
in the 20s when the people are in their early adulthood. For some people, the condition becomes better with time and age.
Symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder
The Borderline Personality Disorder impacts self-esteem, how he or she perceives things and how they behave with different people. Enlisted are the popular symptoms of this condition:
- They have an intense phobia of abandonment. They get agitated imagining rejection and separation. People suffering from borderline personality disorder sometimes take extreme measures to avoid these situations, no matter if it is real or imagined.
- It is difficult for such people to have a stable and lasting relationship. They might blindly idealize and adore one person at one point then suddenly think they are cruel or they do not care enough.
- The person does not have a focus or cannot follow through long term plans. The self-identity and self-image are constantly fluctuating. They are constantly shifting goals values and identifying themselves as a different person.
- There are gaps in their consciousness, that can last for just a few minutes or a few hours. They suffer from loss of contact with what is real and material or episodes of stress-related paranoia.
- They are reckless with the choices and the decisions that they make in life. They practice impulsive behavior like unsafe sex, reckless driving, spending spree, reckless driving, gambling. You can also observe some self-destructive traits. They might suddenly quit a good, stable job, or might willingly sabotage a good relationship.
- As a response or out of fear of rejection and separation, they give suicide threats or self-injury.
- They really ponder on the existential crisis, a feeling of emptiness, and hollowness. They feel that no one really understands them or love them.
- The mood swings can last for a few minutes to a few hours. You never know what you might get with them. On some days they are happy, on other days they are sad or irritable without any proper reason. Inappropriate anger like frequently losing temper, being sarcastic, or bitter, or even physically abusive.
The Causes of Borderline Personality Disorder
It is very difficult to trace the exact cause of any mental disorder. The same is with a borderline personality disorder. The condition can be triggered by varied circumstances and reasons. There are some common situational factors such as a history of neglect or child abuse. Although it is a myth that borderline personality disorder is only caused by child abuse. There can be some other physical or genetic factors that can cause borderline personality disorder.
Genetics: There are some reports that state borderline personality disorder or some other mental illnesses can be inherited from family members. It is strongly associated with family members with other mental disorders.
Brain Abnormalities: Another proven reason, is abnormal brain functioning. Some reports claim that people who suffer from borderline personality disorder have certain brain abnormalities. The parts that control emotion, aggression, and impulses are slightly different in the brain. Other than that there could be some mix up of the brain chemicals that regulate mood such as Serotonin.