The Law on Kidnapping/Abduction in Arkansas and
Kidnapping is considered a heinous crime in Arkansas and the punishment for the same are serious. The state has framed strict rules and regulations to control the kidnapping and abduction of its residents-, especially children. Let us understand the dynamics of kidnapping and abduction in the Arkansas State of USA.
Why does a kidnapper kidnap?
The primary element of kidnapping is the intention to cause harm to the person kidnapped. Arkansas has divided crimes into different categories according to their seriousness.
Category of crime under which kidnapping comes:
- Kidnapping is considered as a class Y felony in Arkansas. But, it becomes a Class B felony when the defendant holds proof that he assisted in releasing the person captured alive and in a safe place before trial. A Class B crime is less punishable than Class Y crime.
Punishment for Kidnapping:
- The punishment for Class Y felony is a minimum of ten years and a maximum of forty years or life imprisonment. For Class B felony, the punishment is a minimum sentence of five years and a maximum of twenty years.
Arkansas Crime Information Center [a state agency] is responsible for providing information technology services to criminal justice agencies and law enforcement in the state. The agency also assembles and publishes data on crime, manages the crime victim announcement system and the state sex offender registry.
When is it that an Offense becomes Kidnapping in the Arkansas State of USA?
Below are considered as kidnapping as an offense in the state of Arkansas:
- A person is considered to commit the offense of kidnapping if, without permission, the offender controls and restrains the person kidnapped and interferes with the kidnapped person’s liberty with the objective of:
-reward or ransom. A ransom is a sum of the amount sought in return for releasing the kidnapped person.
-any other action to be performed or not performed for the kidnapped person’s release or return. Here, the kidnapper may seek certain favors for releasing the kidnapped person.2. Using the other person as a hostage or shelter.
3. Facilitating a crime or action after the crime.
4. Causing a physical injury to the person kidnapped.
5. Getting sexually involved, perform sexual action or sexual contact with the kidnapped person.
6. Scaring the person kidnapped.
7. Intruding the actions of the government or a political entity.
- any other action to be performed or not performed for the kidnapped person’s release or return. Here, the kidnapper may seek certain favors for releasing the kidnapped person.
Measures for Child Abduction and Loss
As Arkansas realizes the implications of lost and abduction children in the state, Arkansas Attorney General Leslie Rutledge recently announced the allocation of an additional USD 150,000 for CART (Child Abduction Response Teams). CART is a multi-agency start-up coordinated by the Criminal Justice Institute. Such collaboration is the first one in the country. This program gathers resources to protect children from kidnapping and abduction in Arkansas.
The Attorney General’s office, the Arkansas Game, the Criminal Justice Institute, the Arkansas Department of Emergency Management and Fish Commission- all formed a partnership in 2016. Further, the state formed twelve CARTS, with the objective of becoming successful in bringing back kidnapped children and making the process fast.
Rutledge also allocated USD 100,000 from the Standard and Poor settlement in 2015, to implement CARTs in the state.
The U.S. Department of Justice and the AMBER Alert and Technical Assistance Program has developed practice channels of reducing a time for response.