Michigan Employment Laws: What are Employment Laws in Michigan?Michigan state's labor and employment laws were established with the intent to protect employees from unfair treatment or unsafe working conditions. These laws are also balanced against the need for states to attract employers. The federal government provides a basic level of employee protection, but the states in the U.S have their laws that either strengthen these protections or address other, state-specific needs. The employment laws in Michigan provide greater protection to employees rather than federal laws.
Overtime pay in Michigan
In Michigan, employees who are not exempt- must be paid one-and-one-half times more than their regular rate of pay for hours they have worked which goes over 40 hours in one workweek. Employers who meet certain conditions are liable to offer compensatory time off instead of overtime compensation. In that case, employees have the right to agree and receive compensatory time of one-and-one-half hours for each hour of overtime worked. There are no laws in Michigan on mandatory overtime. Employers are generally free to ask their employees to work for as many hours as are needed, but no specific law in Michigan permits employees to refuse overtime work.
Access to personnel files
Employers in Michigan who have four or more employees are obligated to allow their employees to inspect their personnel records under the given circumstances;
- At reasonable intervals every year.
- No more than two times per the calendar year; and
- During normal office hours.
Employees are allowed to request a copy of the records, and the employer is free to charge a reasonable copying fee.
Disability accommodation in Michigan
An employer In Michigan is obligated to reasonably accommodate the known disabilities of qualified individuals who have limitations. An accommodation is not needed if it would mean significant difficulty or expense that imposes an undue financial, administrative burden or require a fundamental alteration like the program.
An employer with fifteen or fewer employees is not required to restructure a job or alter an employee's schedule to accommodate.
The Michigan labor laws require employers to provide their employees who are under eighteen years of age with a thirty minute uninterrupted rest period if they have scheduled work for more than five continuous hours. The employers in the state of Michigan are not obligated to provide breaks, including lunch breaks, for workers eighteen years old or older.
An employer who chooses to give a meal, lunch, or break period must completely relieve their employees of their work duties for the assigned break period to be unpaid. The employment laws in Michigan state that employees must be provided with a 30-minute unpaid meal break if they are aged between the ages of 14 and 17 and work a shift of five or more hours. According to laws in Michigan, employers are not required to give breaks to employees who are aged 18 and over.
Whistleblower protection in Michigan
The state of Michigan has a Whistleblowers' Protection Act that prohibits employers from firing, threatening against a worker because the worker reports or is about to report to law enforcement or federal government, verbally or in writing, about a violation or a suspected violation of a law, regulation or rule.
The minimum salary in Michigan
The Michigan Workforce Opportunity Wage Act covers employers who have two or more employees who are aged 16 years and older. Under the wage act in Michigan, the minimum salary is $9.25 per hour. However, there are certain exceptions and a separate minimum wage rate that exists for tipped employees.
Equal pay in Michigan
In Michigan, an employer who has two or more employees may not discriminate by sex by paying worker of one gender a rate that is less than the price paid to workers within the same establishment of the opposite sex for equal work. Employers are free to reward their employees by - Seniority system, merit system; System measuring earnings by quality or quantity of production. Or any other factor other than sex.