Invasion of Privacy Law Iowa
Reasonable expectation of privacy is an element that determines if a person has a right to privacy at some places or while performing some activities. Therefore privacy is often a misunderstood concept. There is a difference between privacy at home and privacy in public. The law protects the privacy of an individual in their home regardless of him being a tenant or owner. Invasion of privacy is not just barging into someone's house, it could also be using electronic equipment for recording or monitoring the person.
Invasion of Privacy Law in public could be problematic. For example, a person cannot sue the media if he/she is filmed by the media. But the person can ask them to cut their part in case the information presented by the media is embarrassing.
Note: Invasion of Privacy Law Iowa could lead to hefty fines and even jail time. The state of Iowa upholds US privacy laws. There are four categories of Invasion of Privacy.
Categories of Invasion of Privacy Laws:
Category 1: Intrusion Of Solitude.
The intrusion of solitude is one of the most common categories of invasion. 'Intrusion of solitude' is physically intruding on a person's private affairs.
Acts that may lead to Intrusion of solitude:
- Taking pictures of a person or recording them without their permission in public or their home.
- Intercepting person private phone calls. If a landlord taps the renter's phones to listen or intercept their phone call, the renters can file a lawsuit against him.
- Peeping. If man peeps into a woman's house while she is undressing, the woman can file a lawsuit against him.
Category 2: False Light.
In this invasion of privacy category, a person provides misleading information about someone that has no facts. If a person is portrayed in a false light by a publisher, then he can sue the publisher. To claim false light, a person has to prove certain factors.
- Published: The information was published or made public in another manner.
- Malice: The information was published or made public with the intent of malice.
- Misleading: The information was published with the intent of portraying them misleadingly.
- Embarrassing: The information published is considered humiliating or embarrassing by a reasonable person.
Category 3: Public Disclosure Of Private Facts.
Facts such as:
- Information that seems offensive to a reasonable person.
- Information that is private and has no bearings to anything public.
- Information that is too intimate or crude to be shared with the public.
Publishing private facts or information that is unremarkable comes under this category. This information is not a part of public records, public proceeding, and not of public interest. If made public, this information would be insulting to a reasonable person.
Category 4: Appropriation.
Appropriation is a person's name, identity, or likeness is used for advertising or trading purposes without consent.
People who depend on their public image for income usually have to deal with appropriation.
Example: Many actors are asked to endorse brands. Suppose an actor doesn't agree to advertise for a brand and but they still use his voice or picture to sell their brand. Then the actor can sue the brand.
There have been many documented cases when the invasion of privacy has lead to crimes. But Invasion of privacy laws is mostly a civil rights violation. A person might have to provide monetary compensation for intruding on someone's privacy or using their private information without their consent. A person's right to privacy should be respected. The Invasion of privacy laws Iowa is in place to keep the intruders at bay. These laws give a person the right to sue the person invading their privacy in civil court.