What Is The Law On Compounding A Felony In New Mexico And What Are The Punishments For It?
Compounding a felony is a punishable offense in the State of New Mexico. Anyone who accepts compensation from a criminal in lieu of reporting the information they have on the crime can be charged with compounding a felony. By accepting compensation, such a person not only enables the crime but they do so with the intention of profiting from it.
The reason why it is important to dissuade not only those who participate in the crime, but also those enables such behavior is that such people ignore their civilian responsibility in favor of benefitting from the crime themselves.
Compounding a Felony in New Mexico
Two conditions need to be met for a case to be considered as compounding a felony in New Mexico. The first of these is that the person must be someone who deliberately chooses to withhold information they have related to a particular criminal case. The second fact that needs the established is that the person withheld information because they had accepted a bribe from the criminal to do the same. By accepting such a bribe, the person becomes complicit in the crime and enables the crime for their own profit.
In the state of New Mexico, the person who committed the crime does not have to be in jail or convicted for a compounding a felony proceeding to take place. As the charge for the crime and the charge for compounding that crime are two separate cases, the rulings and proceedings in one are not concerned with the other. The person held for compounding a felony can receive their sentencing even before the person who committed the crime.
What Happens When Someone Compounds a Crime?
Such a person cannot be charged with compounding a felony in the State of New Mexico. In order for a case to be considered as compounding a felony, a pecuniary benefit must have been exchanged between the person who committed the crime and the person who chose to withhold information on it.
That is why when a person is themselves robbed or is a victim of a crime but does not report that crime, they cannot be charged with compounding a felony. Similarly, if a person is a witness to a crime, but they did not accept any bribes from the criminal but still chose to withhold the information they had, they cannot be charged with compounding a felony in New Mexico.
What are the Punishments for Compounding a Felony in New Mexico?
Compounding a felony is treated as a misdemeanor in the State of New Mexico. Misdemeanor charges receive sentences depending on the severity of the crime. In the case of compounding a felony, it would depend on the nature of the crime the defendant chose to enable and profit from.
If the enabled crime was less serious in nature then the sentence received will reflect that and vice verse. Usually, such charges could lead to time served in jail. The time the defendant will have to spend in jail could be any amount of time that does not exceed a period of one year.
The defendant may be asked to pay a fine. In such cases, the amount the defendant has to pay in fines cannot exceed $1000. The defendant may also be asked to both spend time in jail and pay the fine.
Compounding a felony is a punishable offense in order to dissuade those who ignore their civilian responsibility and instead choose to aid in as well as profit from criminal activity.