Texas Judicial System and Court System: How Does it Work?
The Texas Judicial System enforces a vast and intricate set of rules and regulations formed to help the people of Texas to make things as fair as possible for everyone involved. The Texas Court System includes the following.
State courts of Texas
- Texas Supreme Court (Civil)
- Texas Court of Criminal Appeals (Criminal)
- Texas Courts of Appeals (14 districts)
- Texas District Courts (472 districts)
- Texas County Courts
- Texas Justice Courts
- Texas Municipal Courts
Texas Supreme Court
The Texas Supreme Court is also known as the court of last resort for civil appeals in the U.S. state of Texas. Civil suits include juvenile delinquency. The court of last resort for criminal matters is the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals.
The Texas Supreme Court is made up of a Chief Justice as well as eight Associate Justices. The Texas Supreme Court replaced the Supreme Court of the Republic of Texas in 1846. The location of the court meetings is in Downtown Austin, Texas in a building which can be found on the state Capitol grounds which is behind the Texas State Capitol.
The Texas Supreme Court has administrative control over the State Bar of Texas. The Texas Supreme Court enjoys the ability to license attorneys in Texas. No one else has this ability. In addition to this, the Texas Supreme Court can also appoint members to the Board of Law Examiners who administers the Texas bar examination.
Texas Court of Criminal Appeals
The Texas Court of Criminal Appeals is also known as the court of last resort for all criminal matters in the State of Texas. The court is composed of eight judges as well as a Presiding Judge. The Texas Constitution has an Article V which vests the judicial power of the state explicitly and also describes the Court's jurisdiction and sets rules for judicial eligibility, elections, and vacancies.
As already mentioned, the Court of Criminal Appeals in Texas has final jurisdiction over all criminal matters except for juvenile proceedings as juvenile proceedings are considered civil matters. The court exercises discretionary review over criminal cases. This means that it can choose whether it would like to review or not review a case. Cases which the court isn't able to dismiss and must hear are cases which involve the denial of bail and cases which involve sentencing of capital punishment.
Texas Court of Appeals
The Texas Court of Appeals is a part of the Texas judicial system. All cases appealed from district and county courts in Texas whether criminal or civil go to one of the fourteen Texas Courts of Appeals with the only exception being cases where the death penalty is involved. Situations, where the death penalty is involved, are handled by the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals. The statute sets the number of justices on each intermediate court.
Texas District Courts
The Texas Judicial System is an intricate and vast system which is made up of many tiny and large pieces working together. One of the smaller but equally essential parts of the entire machine is the Texas District Courts. They also happen to be the trial courts of general jurisdiction of Texas. 472 district courts currently serve the state of Texas. Each of these district courts has a single judge which is elected by a partisan election to a four-year term.
Learning more about the Texas Judicial System and Court System will put you in a better position if you ever find yourself in a court situation in the state of Texas.