What Is a Temporary Insanity Defense?
During various proceedings in court, the accused often tends to claim temporary insanity. Let’s understand how to define temporary insanity, along with everything that comes under the temporary insanity plea.
Temporary Insanity – What Is the Legal Definition?
Most of the time, the accused tends to use temporary insanity as a way to avoid severe consequences such as a death penalty. To define temporary insanity, one part claims that he/she is suffering a disorder in his/her mind. Due to this drawback, he/she is unable to differentiate between what is right and wrong.
So when you take a closer look at defining temporary insanity, it states that the accused doesn’t have the understanding of his/her actions. Individuals can make this claim, even if they don’t have any mental disorders.
They can make a temporary insanity plea, by stating that it took place during the crime, which is why they couldn’t understand whether it was right or wrong. Do keep in mind as per the define temporary insanity, the accused doesn’t have to have a mental disorder during the trial.
Temporary Insanity Defense – What Does This Mean?
The aim of the temporary insanity defense is to show the court that the accused cannot be liable for his/her actions due to his/her state of mind. Although it is hard to prove the temporary insanity plea, it is possible. Every jurisdiction has varying laws to define temporary insanity.
Below, you will get to know more about the temporary insanity plea.
Temporary Insanity Cases
One of the most popular temporary insanity cases goes back to 1986, in the Ford V. Wainwright, which took place in the Supreme Court. Alvin Ford, the accused, was guilty of murder in 1974. As a result, he received a death sentence in the State of Florida, falling under the category of temporary insanity cases.
However, after serving eight years of his life on death row, there was a significant decline in his mental health. He started to experience symptoms of paranoid schizophrenia, as depicted in the temporary insanity cases.
When the Supreme Court was in charge of Ford V. Wainwright, the country understood the meaning of a temporary insanity defense. The highest court in the country categorized Ford under temporary insanity. As a result, they couldn’t execute him, even though he was guilty of the crime.
Temporary Insanity Defense can change the course of the court’s decision in certain situations. One way is when the individual’s mental state reaches the point of insanity, he/she cannot face execution. It doesn’t matter if the person was sane during the conviction and sentencing.